A feverish infant after vaccines is concerning to parents. However, a fever is a common reaction to vaccines, reports KidsHealth. Your baby also might have redness or swelling where the shot was given. Nonetheless, there are times when a fever is a red flag. It¡¯s important to know when to call the doctor and how to make your infant more comfortable after vaccines.
A lukewarm soak can reduce your infant¡¯s fever and ease muscle aches. Fill the bath with lukewarm water and place your baby in the water. Sit with your baby and sponge water over her torso, arms and legs. This helps cool her body temperature. After five to 10 minutes, remove your infant from the bath and dress her in cool clothing. Cotton clothing is a good option because it¡¯s breathable.
Fever reducers can tackle the fever, as well as ease muscle aches. However, before using these medications, consult your doctor. Typically, fever reducers aren¡¯t recommended for low-grade fevers. If your doctor approves, use the drugs as directed. Also, never give your infant aspirin to ease her fever. Aspirin in children is linked to Reye¡¯s syndrome, a serious and deadly condition.
If your infant has a fever after vaccines, encourage her to stay on a normal feeding schedule. A fever increases your baby¡¯s risk for dehydration. Offer younger babies breast milk or formula. For older babies, ask your doctor about offering diluted juice or water. If your baby refuses to eat or drink, it¡¯s time to consult your doctor.
If your infant has a fever higher than 101 degrees F

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, contact her doctor¡¯s office for medical advice. A high fever can be an indication of a more serious reaction to vaccines, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other signs of serious reaction include difficulty breathing, swelling in the throat, hives and paleness. Also

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, watch how your infant acts. If she is unresponsive or highly irritable, seek medical advice. When in doubt, always contact your child¡¯s doctor. She can advise if your child¡¯s fever is a reason for concern.

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, comfortable and stylish — these are the words that should describe your favorite sweater. ¡°Covered in pills¡± should not be on that list. But no matter the quality or cost of the sweater, those hard, tiny balls of fabric happen. Pills accumulate in the areas where the sweater sees the most friction — generally the arms and sides of the garment. Whether it’s a pricey cashmere cardigan or a polo you picked up at the thrift store, de-pilling your favorite fuzzy top is cheap and quick with the help of a pumice stone designed for sweaters.
Lay the sweater flat on a clean surface.
Try the pumice stone on a small

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, indiscreet section of your sweater to ensure that you receive the desired result before expanding to a wider area.
Brush the flat side of the pumice in one gentle motion over the pills on your sweater. Brush in one direction.
Remove the ball of sweater fuzz that accumulates from brushing and toss it in the trash.

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Having a sore throat is no fun. The scratchiness or pain at the back of the throat can make it difficult to swallow and suck all the energy out of your day. Sore throats are typically caused by cold and flu viruses and usually don’t require medical treatment. A soothing diet for a sore throat, however

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, could be just what the doctor ordered.
The Mayo Clinic describes a sore throat as pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. It may be accompanied by hoarseness, sore glands in the neck and a mild fever, according to Richard A. Rosenberg, M.D., an ear, nose and throat doctor in White Plains, New York. The best medicine for a sore throat is rest, fluids and comforting foods. A diet for a sore throat should include foods that soothe and help heal the throat — and exclude foods that irritate the throat or are hard to swallow.
Honey has a reputation as a sore-throat soother. Its sweet, smooth-as-silk quality feels good going down the throat. Honey may also have antimicrobial properties that help heal a sore throat. Rosenberg recommends sipping lemon water or tea mixed with a spoonful of honey

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. A sore throat diet should also include other foods that are soft and easy to swallow, such as small pieces of banana, applesauce, yogurt, puddings, gelatin and custards, cooked cereals, soups and broths. Frozen pops can also soothe the soreness, keep you hydrated and cool down a fever.
A sore throat diet should exclude foods that are hard, crunchy or otherwise irritating to the throat. Foods to avoid when you have a sore throat include toast, crackers, cookies, dry cereals, nuts, raw vegetables, fried or baked foods — like fried chicken or chicken nuggets — and spicy foods, such as curry. Rosenberg recommends steering clear of oranges, grapefruits and tomatoes and juices made from these fruit because acidic foods can be irritating to a sore throat. Avoid junk food and sugary sodas because they may lower immunity, according to registered dietitian Beth Reardon, director of integrative nutrition at Duke Integrative Medicine.
For generations, chicken soup has been regarded as a remedy for sore throats and other cold and flu symptoms. When Nebraska Medical Center researchers put chicken soup to the test, they discovered it may relieve cold and flu symptoms, such as a sore throat, in two ways. The ingredients in chicken soup have a mild anti-inflammation effect and the steam from a bowl of chicken soup helps relieve congestion and limit the amount of time viruses are in contact with mucus membranes. Plus, chicken soup might contain nutrient-rich carrots, onions, celery, turnips, sweet potatoes and garlic, all of which may have healing powers, Reardon notes.
Even soothing foods can be irritating to a sore, swollen throat if served too hot. Allow steaming foods to cool a bit before tasting to avoid doing more harm than good to your sore, swollen throat. If the sore throat diet doesn’t help ease your discomfort within a week or if your condition worsens, see your doctor. Occasionally, a sore throat may mean you have a more serious condition.

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In swimming competition, the 500-yard freestyle event is commonly called “the 500” or “the 500 free.” It can be grueling, consisting of 20 lengths of a 25-yard pool. Focusing on a few elements of the 500 can help you improve your performance. Building endurance, watching your form, managing your pace, concentrating on breathing and perfecting your turn can help make this swim successful.
Endurance is a major component of completing an optimal 500-yard freestyle swim. Swimming 500 yards is not an easy task. It requires a lot from your body and you need trained muscles and lungs. While distance training is essential to increase endurance, interval training also helps improve both speed and endurance. To build endurance, throughout a long training swim, include bursts in which you go all out for a certain distance — such as one lap or a length of the pool — before returning to your normal pace. Schedule two or three strength-training workouts each week, as well as a day of cross-training: Running and cycling are both ways in which you may build endurance. Incorporate high amounts of lean proteins in your diet and hydrate well throughout the day.
An improper freestyle form doesn’t just hamper your style. It results in inefficiency and may even cause injury. To help improve your form, ensure you are horizontal in the water. This prevents drag and makes it easier to move through the water. The optimal rotation of your body during a freestyle swim is 30 to 40 degrees. Additionally, rotating your shoulders forward during your stroke will help your arms enter the water about shoulder-width apart, which is best for your joints. As you pull, your arms should follow your body — not cross over your body or be too far out to the side. Finish your stroke at the hip. Use your pulling arm to drive your entering hand and arm forward into the water.
Proper breathing can greatly help your form. Focus on exhaling under water. Hold your head still between breaths and when exhaling. Lifting your head causes your legs to drop, creating drag, and over-rotating your head causes you to over-rotate your body. If you find yourself rotating your head with your body, try looking at one spot at the bottom of the pool. Importantly, avoid excessively rotating your head or lifting it to take a breath. Instead, try to take advantage of the “pocket.” The website Swim Smooth explains, “When you move through water you create a ‘bow wave’ with your head and body, just like a boat does. … This creates a trough either side of your head and body that is beneath the surface level of the pool — so there’s air lower than you might expect there to be.” Rotate your head only enough to find the pocket and inhale.
Because of the long distance, it’s important to pace yourself. If you start out too fast, you will run out of energy before finishing, but starting too slow can hamper your time. If the beat of a particular song matches your desired pace, mentally singing it may help you stay on pace throughout the swim. Negative splitting can help if you are focusing on bettering your time. With negative splitting, the first and last 100 yards are fastest while the middle of your swim is dedicated to pacing yourself and conserving energy.
In a 25-yard pool, you have 19 turns during a 500-yard freestyle. Working on your flip turn can improve your entire swim. Start with your chin tucked and flip your legs straight over using your abs — not your arms

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. Plant your feet against the wall with toes pointing up. Push off on your back, then twist during your glide to face the bottom of the pool. Exhale late in your flip and into your glide. Use your bottom arm for your first stroke and wait for the second stroke to take a breath.

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Like spit-up and dirty diapers, a recurrent rash on the face of a breastfed baby is often a natural part of babyhood that infants grow out of. But the red irritation could also mean that your baby’s body is reacting to a food or chemical. Learn the facts about ongoing facial rashes in babies so you can determine whether that rash will pass on its own — or if it calls for a visit to the pediatrician.
A rash that appears repeatedly on a breastfed baby’s face may indicate an allergic reaction. This type of topical inflammation could develop from something that you ate or from a substance that your baby’s face comes in contact with when nursing. The most common dietary causes of facial rashes in babies are cow’s milk dairy products that the mother consumed. Environmental allergens that could contribute to pediatric facial irritation include soaps, detergents, lotions and moisturizers.
Babies between the ages of 3 weeks and 6 months often experience an ongoing, harmless facial rash called baby acne, which shows up in the form of small red bumps sprinkled across the cheeks, forehead or chin. Called seborrheic dermatitis in medical circles, this form of rash develops as a natural consequence of the maternal hormones present in the baby’s body from before birth. The rash often appears to worsen when a child gets upset or cries, because this increases blood flow to the blood vessels under the facial skin.
A facial rash may appear as small pimple-like bumps, large spots or irregular, spread-out splotches. Although it often appears in isolation, be prepared to look for other symptoms, especially if you suspect an allergic sensitivity may be causing the rash. Symptoms of a food-linked allergic sensitivity may include irritability, stomach pain and gas after nursing

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, as well as vomiting, diarrhea or excessive spit-up. Topical skin irritation caused by environmental allergens may be accompanied by skin dryness and itchiness.
Baby acne typically clears up by itself, often within a few weeks of its initial appearance, but allergy-linked facial rashes usually need a helping hand. Clean your baby’s face with plain water or mild baby soap, and stop using lotions and irritating soaps on any skin that comes in contact with your baby’s face. Switch to a gentler laundry detergent, and consider running each wash through a double rinse to help ensure that the detergent debris rinses cleanly from your clothes. Contact your baby’s pediatrician if the rash worsens or if other symptoms appear. Depending on the symptoms and physical examination, he may prescribe a topical anti-inflammatory medication or ask you to eliminate certain foods from your diet for a period to see whether the rash improves.

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Indoor cycling is arduous, exhilarating

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, challenging and ultimately very effective. A leisurely hour-long bike ride burns around 298 for a person who weighs 155 pounds. But, according to the American Council on Exercise, the average indoor cyclist can burn up to 19 calories per minute, for a total of 1,140 calories an hour. Riding a stationary bike indoors isn’t just good exercise — it’s an effective way to burn off fat.
Riding a stationary bike is a type of aerobic exercise — a physical activity that uses your large muscle groups continuously and repetitively for prolonged periods of time. Indoor cycling is only one type of aerobic exercise. According to ACE, you can choose from weight-bearing aerobic activities, such as running, dancing, walking and jumping rope. Examples of non-weight-bearing exercise include riding a regular or stationary bicycle, rowing and swimming. According to the Centers for Disease Control, healthy adults should get at least two and a half hours of moderate aerobic activity each week or one and a quarter hour of intense aerobic activity a week. If you’re exercising to maintain your health, 30 minutes of aerobic activity a day is sufficient — however, if you want to lose weight, you may want to put in 45-minute sessions, notes ACE.
Riding a stationary bike solo gets boring, hence the popularity of group cycling, many of which are run by indoor cycling instructors. According to ACE, these classes are far more intriguing than plugging away on your own due to the verve of class instructors, who lead you through a tour of virtual inclines, declines and straight roads to get to the finish line. Most intermediate and advanced classes aren’t for the faint of heart — or those out of shape — as they require you to pedal vigorously for 40 to 45 minutes at a stretch, excluding warm-up and cool-down times.
Comfortable clothing is necessary for a good workout on a stationary bike. ACE recommends putting on padded cycling shorts like outdoor cyclists wear to make your ride more comfortable. The seat must be set to the correct height. When pedaling up, your knee should never go above hip level, nor should your leg be rigidly straight when the pedal is closest to the floor; according to ACE, your leg should be 85 percent straight on your downstroke. Have a water bottle on hand so you can hydrate frequently as you exercise. A small towel is also helpful to wipe off excess perspiration.
If you sign up for an indoor group cycling session, don’t feel pressured to keep up with the rest of your class — especially if you’re an absolute beginner. To build up your stamina, ACE advises doing some self-training before you sign up for a group class. Pedal at your own pace, adjusting the tension on your stationary bike to what you can tolerate. Slow down and take a break if you need to. According to ACE, a study conducted by the California State University at Northridge, published in the November/December 1997 issue of “ACE Fitness Matters,” indicates that the intensity level of most indoor cycling classes exceeds the physical abilities of beginning and part-time exercisers, putting them at risk for over-exertion. One way to make sure you’re not pushing yourself is to check your heart rate. A simpler way is to take the “talk test,” adds ACE. You should be able to hold a conversation while you’re pedaling.
Riding a stationary bike indoors works off around the same number of calories as your average step class, notes ACE, with the added benefit of being a low-impact exercise, which is less stressful on your joints. However, before you embark on an exercise program of any kind, get your doctor’s OK first. Some of the circumstances that necessitate your doctor’s permission are if you suffer from a chronic health condition or take medications to manage health problems such as asthma, obesity, heart disease, high cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis and a history of heart attack, to name only a few. Also consult with your physician if you’re pregnant, if you smoke or just quit smoking or if you’re an adult male 45 or older or an adult female 55 or older.

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Each breast contains tissue rich in nerve endings, each of which send feedback to the brain in response to changes in temperature, pain or touch. Tingling in the breast can occur when nerves in the breast become damaged, leading to a “pins and needles” feeling that can eventually lead to numbness. Certain nerve disorders can cause this nerve damage.
A tingling breast can represent an early symptom of pregnancy. At the onset of pregnancy, women experience a change in female hormone levels, including estrogen and progesterone. One function of these hormones in early pregnancy is signaling to breast cells, causing breast growth and development in preparation for lactation. This rapid onset of breast growth can lead to tingling in the breast and nipple, as the breast adapts to the presence of new glandular tissue, according to Ohio State University Medical Center. Over time, the tingling associated with breast growth will subside as the breasts adjust to their new size and shape.
Women may develop a tingling sensation in their breast after breast surgery, such as cosmetic breast augmentation, breast reduction or breast cancer surgery. During surgery, doctors may damage or sever the nerves in or around the breast, leading to decreased sensation after recovery

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. Additionally, surgery can increase inflammation and aggravate the nerves around the breast, further causing breast tingling, according to the American Cancer Society. The tingling may also extend to the chest wall or in toward the arm pit, depending on the tissues affected by the surgery. Nerve damage is typically slow to heal, and tinging may persist for weeks or months after surgery.
Tingling in the breast can indicate an underlying disease. Some forms of cancer, such as Paget’s disease, can lead to tingling breasts or tingling in the nipple. Paget’s disease is a rare but aggressive form of breast cancer that affects the nipple. Patients with the disease develop dry, scaly skin on the nipple, as well as irritation and burning of the affected breast, according to the National Cancer Society. Allowed to develop, the advanced form of the disease can lead to nipple tingling, itching and burning. Women with breast tingling unexplained by pregnancy should seek medical attention to address the possibility of an underlying disease, since early diagnosis of breast cancer aids in effective treatment.

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Asthma sufferers may hesitate before donning snorkel gear and jumping in the water

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. Stimuli involved in snorkeling — such as exercise, salt water mist, cold water and feelings of claustrophobia — can trigger asthma attacks. While no snorkeler enjoys accidentally breathing salt water through his or her snorkel, this is especially dangerous for an asthmatic person. A piece of gear called a dry snorkel lets little or no water into the snorkel. If any water manages to infiltrate the snorkel tube, a mechanism channels it out before the snorkeler breathes it. When diving, a float valve at the top of the snorkel closes so water doesn¡¯t get in.
Get dressed for the water. Position your mask and snorkel. If you’re snorkeling from a boat, put your fins on once you’re in the boat. If snorkeling from the shore, try putting them on in waist-deep water. Asthmatics who worry that the shock of cold water will trigger an attack should wear a wetsuit.
Acclimate yourself to the water. Once you’re in, let yourself float while you refamiliarize yourself with breathing through a snorkel. Try for relaxed, slow breaths

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, as if you’re lying in a hammock. Don’t grip your mouthpiece too hard or you’ll get a sore jaw.
Stay within sight of your snorkel buddy or group leader. This is important for anybody, but especially for people with asthma. Practice with your buddy so she is aware of the signs that indicate you’re having an asthma attack.

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A bunion, a growth of bone and soft tissue on the joint of your big toe, develops from a condition called hallux valgus, in which the bone turns outwards, forcing the big toe into the second toe. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

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, or AAOS, says that the major cause of bunions is overly tight shoes; the condition is nine times more common in women than men. If a bunion is very painful, you may require surgery. Caring for the incision properly can help prevent infection and promote healing.
See the surgeon regularly for a few months following your bunion surgery. Your foot will be bandaged, and you may also have a postoperative shoe or cast to protect it. Not only will stitches have to be removed — usually in two weeks — but Bunion Surgery Recovery states that the surgeon will need to change the bandages to check for infection and ensure that the first metatarsal bone is properly aligned. It is important to keep the dressing dry. The AAOS recommends covering your foot with a plastic bag when showering or bathing, and watching the dressing for signs of bleeding or drainage. If the dressing gets wet or starts to come off, call your doctor.
For the first few days after surgery, the AAOS advises keeping your foot elevated and applying ice as your doctor recommends. According to Bunion Surgery Recovery, you should stay off your feet for 3 to 5 days after your surgery. The AAOS advises using a walker, cane or crutches to get around. Follow your doctor’s recommendations exactly for any medications you have been given.
Be alert for signs of infection, which can include fever, chills, and a feeling of persistent heat or warmth in the affected foot. The AAOS says that persistent or worsening pain can also be a sign of infection, as can a swelling in the calf of the affected foot.
After the dressings are removed, you can return to wearing shoes; take care that they allow your feet plenty of room. Premier Podiatry notes that 60 percent of patients will be able to resume wearing shoes in 6 weeks, with 90 percent able to wear shoes at 8 weeks after surgery. The AAOS recommends wearing athletic shoes or soft moccasin or oxford-type footwear, and gradually putting more weight on your foot and walking farther as your incision heals. Do not wear high heels. According to Premier Podiatry, you should wait 1 to 2 months to begin driving again, and refrain from driving until you feel confident that you can come to an emergency stop. The website also advises that you notify your insurance company. If your surgeon has opted to use a plaster cast, the recovery process will be slower. Premier Podiatry says you will not be able to walk on the foot for 6 weeks. When the cast is removed, your surgeon may have you wear a walking boot; you can then gradually return to walking over the next 2 to 6 weeks.

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Gatorade is a brand name commonly associated with athletes and sports of all kinds. However, other sports drinks have entered the market over the years, giving Gatorade some healthy competition, and choosing what sports drink to consume has become confusing. Although Gatorade can help you to effectively hydrate and replenish your energy

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, there is little evidence to suggest that it is more effective than a sports drink with similar ingredients. However, subjective elements, such as taste, might be considered an advantage.
Gatorade was created by researchers at the University of Florida in the 1960s to help the school football team hydrate effectively. Gatorade is mostly water, but it also contains a 6 percent carbohydrate blend in the form of the sugars sucrose, glucose and fructose, which helps to replenish lost fuel in the muscles. In addition, Gatorade contains several key electrolytes, including sodium and potassium, to help replenish the electrolytes lost when sweating. Electrolytes play a key role in proper muscle contraction, while glucose and sodium both enhance fluid absorption in the body.
When comparing sports drinks, it’s important to realize that different kinds are available. According to sports coach Brian Mac, the three basic kinds of sports drink are isotonic, hypotonic and hypertonic. Isotonic drinks, like Gatorade, contain fluids

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, electrolytes and 6 to 8 percent carbohydrates. Hypotonic drinks contains fluids, electrolytes and low levels of carbohydrates, while hypertonic drinks contain more than 10 percent carbohydrates. Most sports drinks on the market fall within the isotonic category, including Gatorade, Powerade and AllSport.
In a study published in the March 2000 edition of “Sports Medicine,” researchers at the University of Tasmania in Australia reported the results of a meta-analysis that looked at numerous studies performed on commercially available sports drinks. Their research focused on studies that included drinks containing less than 10 percent carbohydrates, which includes Gatorade, and were geared toward the average athlete. The researchers concluded that there was little evidence to suggest that one particular sports drink was more effective than another.
If you are exercising less than an hour, drinking water is the best way to hydrate, according to registered dietitian Mitzi Dulan. Your body simply doesn’t need the extra carbohydrates or electrolytes, although if you don’t like water, drinking a sports drink is better than not drinking anything. If you are engaged in more intense activity, a sports drink can help you hydrate and replenish your muscles. Dulan recommends choosing a drink that is 5 to 8 percent carbohydrates and has 120 to 170 milligrams of sodium. It’s also advisable to choose a drink that tastes good to you because research has shown that it increases consumption, according to Dulan.

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